The world of technology is evolving constantly, and nowadays we are using devices, which we couldn’t even dream about 15 years ago.
The world of technology is evolving constantly, and nowadays we are using devices, which we couldn’t even dream about 15 years ago. Today we are offering your attention a list of five possible breakthroughs that may enter our life in the nearest decade or two.
- Today scientists from all over the world are discussing probably one of the most important tech questions that can define the future way of technical development: “Where is the end of Moore’s Law?”. Gordon Moore a co-founder of Intel predicted in 1965 that the amount of transistors on the chip will double every two years. As computer components became smaller and smaller every day, it’s not far when modern chips will be replaced by atomic transistors and maybe in 5-10 years we will be able to create very small transistors – nearly 5 atoms wide. But further development of transistors is restrained by the Heisenberg law that says: “You can’t get the coordinates and speed of the electron at the same time”. But this doesn’t mean the end of the Silicon Valley as scientists found a way how to increase the performance of computers. One of them is the creation of quantum computers. On the picture below we can see the illustration of Moore’s Law and video describes the functioning principles of quantum computers.
- Space exploration slowed down a bit in the 21st century, but nevertheless, the international space program continues to work, and scientists intend to launch the most powerful rocket in the history by 2017. NASA is planning to send a crew of four astronauts to explore Mars by 2021 within the Mars Planet Experiment that includes the plan of growing plants on this planet. The private sector is also developing ways to cheapen the flights to outer space for most of the people. Who knows, maybe in a few decades, the flights to outer space will be as easy as a simple weekend road trip.
- Imagine when one day you’ll be a able to read the mind of another man, and it will be an absolutely ordinary thing. Neuroscientists have been working on the problem of translating brain’s electrical activity to electrical impulses for decades, and only now we can face the real progress in this field. And the first prototype of mind-reading device already exists and is used in gaming. On the ordinary gaming joystick you have to press buttons to manage the gaming process, and on Emotiv EPOC you can play without even moving your finger. Mind-reading may be useful when curing dementia or helping people that does not have the ability to speak. But on the other hand, it’s a bit scary to be aware of the fact that someone can access our inmost thoughts or memories.
- As we mentioned about the reduction of the electronic components above, we cannot forget about nanotechnology – science of building objects or even machines at the molecular level. For example, an ordinary sheet of paper is 100,000 nanometers thick, and one nanometer is one billionth of a meter. Imagined an object that small? And how about a special small medical robot that can cure diseases directly on the cellular level? That sounds incredible, but this way of medical treatment might be completely real in the future and it can even prevent diseases that are on the germinal state of progress, and usually happen because of the partly-damaged DNA . Below you can see how the process of DNA-repairing can look like.
- Speaking about the future, you cannot forget about machines that are doing all the hard work for us today – the robots. Humanity created a lot of robotic machines designed to do various tasks, from laundering to tasks that require very high accuracy of actions like electronic devices production. To cut it short, robots are able to do all the work that a man isn’t able to do physically. As you can see in the video below, robots can be of different types and purposes. And scientists are trying to create a robot that could be an exact human copy. But, on the other hand, there is a possibility that robots can replace humans on some positions and this may lead to increased number of unemployed people. Another question that caused many hard discussions between scientists all over the world is about the way we should treat human-like robots. Together with the development of the field of artificial intelligence, there will be a moment once when humanity should decide how to treat robots: as humans or as machines. The excerpt from the 1999 movie “Bicentennial Man” below is a bright example of this question.